History of the Columbretes Islands

The origin of the Columbretes Islands, located 48 kilometers from the province of Castellón, dates back approximately a couple of million years ago. Its origin can be found among the great changes in the earth’s crust that took place during that time along the Mediterranean coast, more specifically along the entire coastline of the province of Castellón.

The Columbretes Islands are made up of a group of islets. The most important are: l’Illa Grosa (Columbrete Grande), la Ferrera (Perrera), la Foradada (Horada) and el Carallot (Bergantín).

The name ‘Columbretes‘ was given by the Romans when they realized the large number of snakes that lived there. In Latin, ‘columber’ means ‘snake’ in today’s Spanish. Later, they disappeared due to an arson attack aimed at wiping them out.

Between 1856 and 1860 the real colonization of the Columbretes Islands took place, since the lighthouse was built to guide the ships that passed by at night.

The Columbretes Islands are a clear example of the great geological activity that the area has undergone for many years. If we look closely at the islands, we can clearly observe the presence of a large number of craters or even the remains of the chimney of an extinct volcano.

Currently, the Columbretes Islands, have a practically tourist “use”. This means that people go to observe the beautiful scenery that is presented there along with the great diversity of plant and animal species. It is also worth mentioning that they are a unique habitat in the entire Mediterranean, due to the great marine diversity that lives under its waters of species that would be difficult to find in other parts of the sea. They are also a natural shelter for them.

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