Columbretes Islands History

The Columbretes Islands, located 48 kilometers from the province of Castellón, originated approximately two million years ago. This was due to the significant changes in the Earth’s crust that occurred throughout the Mediterranean coast during that time, more specifically along the entire coastline of the province of Castellón.

The Columbretes Islands are made up of a group of islets. The most important are: l’Illa Grossa (Columbrete Grande), La Ferrera (Kennel), La Foradada (Horada) and El Carallot (Brigantine).

The name “Columbretes” was bestowed upon the islands by the Romans, who encountered an abundance of snakes inhabiting the archipelago. These serpents, however, met their demise centuries later when a deliberate fire was ignited to eradicate them.

The true colonization of the Columbretes Islands took place between 1856 and 1860, marked by the construction of a lighthouse to guide passing ships at night. This significant development ushered in a new era for the archipelago.


The Columbretes Islands stand as a compelling testament to the immense geological activity that has shaped the region over millennia. Upon closer inspection, the islands reveal a remarkable presence of volcanic remnants, including numerous craters and even vestiges of an extinct volcano’s chimney.

Now a days, the Columbretes Islands serve as a haven for tourism, captivating visitors with their breathtaking landscapes and an extraordinary diversity of plant and animal species. This unique ecosystem, teeming with marine life, holds a special place within the Mediterranean Sea. The rich underwater realm harbors a remarkable array of species that are often difficult to find elsewhere in the Mediterranean.

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